Wall Repair

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Filling holes

Level of difficulty: Moderate
Estimated time taken: 30 minutes - 1 hour
Tools required:

  • Spackle
  • Putty knife
  • Sand paper

Step 1: Scrape excess drywall away and ensure surface is even

  1. Scrape with a putty knife, remove with hands, or lightly tap in with a hammer

Step 2: Using your putty knife, apply spackle into and around the hole

  1. Wipe excess spackle away that is not covering the hole
  2. Ensure spackle is as smooth as possible
  3. It might be worth using sandpaper when dry

Step 3: Apply second coat

  • This is to fill any bubbles that may have formed

Step 4: Sand until smooth

Example Video:

Patching drywall

Level of difficulty: Moderate
Estimated time taken: 30 minutes - 1 hour
Tools required:

  • New Drywall
  • Putty knife
  • Sand paper

Step 1: Determine size of drywall

  1. Cut a small piece out and simply measure the thickness with a measuring tape

Step 2: Determine what needs to be replaced

  1. Examine the drywall and determine how big of a piece you will need

Step 3: Cut piece of drywall to size

Step 4: Remove nails and screws from stud

Step 5: Install new piece of drywall

Step 6: Mix joint compound

  1. Pour some joint compound into trough
  2. Slowly add water and mix with your choice of mixer
  3. Mix until you have a consistency that barely sticks to your putty knife

Step 7: Fill gaps with compound

  1. Some larger gaps may require the use of mesh tape that will give the mud extra support
  2. Fill all gaps and ensure it is as smooth as possible

Step 8: After the first coat, apply a second coat with a larger putty knife

Step 9: Sand until smooth

Example Video:


Texturing

Level of difficulty: Moderate
Estimated time taken: 30 minutes - 1 hour
Tools required:

  • Canned texture
  • Cardboard

Step 1: Prep are for texture

  • Make any repairs and ensure area is sanded, dry, and ready for texture

Step 2: Set the right texture size

  1. Using your piece of cardboard, test the texture spit size and adjust to match your walls texture
  2. Spray in a circular motion
  3. Let the texture completely dry before determining spit size

Step 3: Apply texture to wall

  • Aresol texture does not dry instantly and can be wiped off if you are unhappy with initial results

Example Video:

Fixing visible seams

Level of difficulty: Moderate
Estimated time taken: 30 minutes - 1 hour
Tools required:

  • Drywall mud or joint compound
  • Putty knife
  • Drywall tape

Step 1: Apply tape across the seem

Step 2: Apply a light coat drywall mud over tape

  1. Repeat this for 3 or 4 coats until completely covered
  2. After your final coat, it protrude out of the wall in a slightly convex way

Step 3: After your drywall mud is completely dry, sand away the excess

  • Be sure to not sand too much off, exposing the drywall tape
  • Sand until smooth

Example Video:

Finding a leak

DETECTING A LEAK So, how can you tell if you have a leaky basement? If you detect dampness, mustiness, see white powder, or find wet areas it probably means that you have a leak somewhere in the basement. Once detected, it is imperative that the leak is stopped before the problem escalates and becomes more serious, possibly leading to the growth of mold and mildew in your home - something which, if left unchecked, can pose serious health risks to you and your family.

COMMON CAUSES AND HOW TO FIX A LEAK ONCE IT IS DETECTED Although there are a number of factors that may contribute to basement leaks, there are some common causes and some simple solutions that can be implemented. For instance, if you find any of the previously mentioned situations in your home, it may mean that you have:

  • Cracks in poured concrete or block walls. If this is the case, the cracks must first be repaired permanently and the repaired joints sealed with concrete sealer.
For a leaking joint, the affected area should be routed out, filled, and sealed. Conversely, you may also acquire a foundation crack repair kit, which should be injected into the affected area.
  • Leaking or wide joint between the floor and the walls. For this situation, the following solution should be sought:
If you find that the joint between the wall and the floor is too wide, the joint should be filled with foam backer rod, and filled with epoxy crack filler.
  • Leaking cracks in concrete floor or faulty expansion control joints. If find that you have:
Cracks in a concrete floor, a floor repair kit should be used, and the repaired areas sealed with a concrete sealer.
  • Leaking expansion control joints should be filled with an epoxy crack filler.
Water seeping in concrete walls, block walls, clay brick walls, or through basement floor. If water is seeping in anywhere in the basement, you should waterproof with the appropriate sealing product – either a dedicated concrete sealer, concrete and brick sealer, or concrete and masonry colour sealer.
  • Leaks around pipes or seeping wire ties in concrete walls.
If any of these issues are affecting your home, the affected area should be filled with a gap filler kit.
  • Power or sump pump failure.
Battery or sump pump back-ups should be installed.

Example Video - How to patch a leak in your basement

Example Video - How to find a leak with a garden hose

Removing adhesive

Level of difficulty: Moderate
Estimated time taken: 1-2 hours
Tools required:

  • Scraper
  • Heat gun/Blow dryer
  • Sand paper
  • Solvent
  • Spray bottle
  • Safety equipment

Step 1: Examine

  1. All adhesives are different so you will need to figure out the best way to remove it
  2. Feel the adhesive. Is it rock hard or is it still soft?
  3. If it's hard, you're dealing with a very strong adhesive such as liquid nails
  4. If it's soft, you're dealing with a rubber cement type of adhesive

Step 2: Initial Removal

  1. Try to simply scrape the adhesive off with a putty knife
  2. What about a cloth?
  3. Try misting it with water and letting it soak for 10 minutes then scraping it off

Step 4: Removal by heat

  1. When the adhesive seems like it's going to be a pretty tough job to remove, it's time to bring out some more tools
  2. Heat up the product to above 140°F with an electric heat gun or blow dryer
  3. This should soften the adhesive and allow you scrape it off quite easily

Step 3: Removal by Solvent

  1. Coating the adhesive with petroleum jelly, paint thinner, mineral spirits, or something similar
  2. Put your solvent into a spray bottle
  3. Soak for about an hour initially and poke it with a scraper and see how it feels
  4. If it's soft enough to remove, have at it
  5. If not, try soaking for a few hours, then over night. Ensure it stays wet as you will need to reapply throughout the day/night.

Step 5: If all else fails, sand and scrape

  1. I know this is what you were trying to avoid, but sometimes it needs to be done.
  2. Scrape off as much of the product as you can before sanding
  3. Start with a low grit sand paper and use a much higher grit sand paper to smooth everything out once complete

Corner Damage

Level of difficulty: Moderate
Estimated time taken: 30 minutes - 1 hour
Tools required:

  • Drywall compound
  • Putty knife
  • Sand paper

How to:

Step 1: Prepare the area

  1. Cover the floor to catch loose material and wet drywall compound
  2. Move any wall decor or anything that may get in the way

Step 2: Remove lose material

  1. Using your putty knife, lightly scrape away the lose material on the corner
  2. You only want to remove LOSE material, do not dig and pry at it

Step 3: Wipe down

  1. Wipe down the corner and get as much dust off as you can before we apply the drywall compound

Step 4: Apply drywall compound

  1. Apply drywall compound to the damaged corner on both sides
  2. Cover the entire area until it is slightly higher than flush with the wall
  3. Let dry for however long the drywall compound instructions recommend

Step 5: Sanding

  1. Once completely dry, sand the dry wall compound down until flush
  2. Mind the corner as you will want to retain the slight rounding the corner has

Step 6: Texture

  1. Once your drywall compound is flush with your surrounding drywall, it is time for texture


Example video:


Removing Wallpaper

Level of difficulty: Moderate
Estimated time taken: 1 hour - 3 hours
Tools required:

  • Putty Knife
  • Spray bottle
  • Ladder

How to:

Step 1: Peeling

  1. Wall paper has a couple layers
  2. The first layer is the decorative, glossy layer
  3. Find a seam and peel this layer off
  4. The only tool this will require is your finger nail to get it started
  5. This layer will come off fairly easy as it separates from the under layer that is still attached to the wall
  6. Remove ALL of the top layer of wall paper

Step 2: Spray down

  1. With all of the top layer of the wall paper removed, there should be a yellowish under layer exposed
  2. This is the layer that has the adhesive on the back side of it
  3. This layer is also very absorbent as it has no more protection from the outer layer that you have already removed
  4. We are going to take advantage of the layer being exposed and soak it with water
  5. Load your spray bottle with warm water and wet the entire area that was covered with the wall paper
  6. Let this sit a few minutes as the water penetrates through the paper and reactivates the glue

Step 3: Removal

  1. The wall paper should nearly fall off at this point
  2. The key is to be very gentle here and pull off the biggest sheets possible
  3. Continue to wet the area, ensuring it stays wet throughout the process
  4. Remove any smaller pieces with a gentle scrape from your putty knife if needed

Example video:

Mounting to metal studs

Example Video: